The cottonmouth snake aka water moccasin which belongs to the Agkistrodon household, along with the copperhead is one of the most feared and respected venomous snakes in america.
They are the only semi-aquatic viper on the face of the planet. You’ll also notice that they have keeled scales to assist with life in the water. Though they are known to remain predominantly in deep rural areas of wet land, here lately in places like Miami, Fl they’re being located closer and closer to establish neighborhoods and businesses as their natural habitats are being developed into residential and business properties.
The eastern subspecies can be found along the coast of Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina and even into southern Virginia.
Gives birth to live bearing young that are equally as venomous as the adults. Although, they’re equally as venomous they don’t pack the punch that a 6′ plus adult carries because adults have much larger venom glands which permits them to eject much larger quantities of venom if needed.
Neonate cottonmouths look almost identical to neonate copperheads. Neonate (baby snake) cottonmouth and copperheads have very bright vibrant colours of orange, yellow, brown and black combined with a very bright colored tail that almost appears to glow.
Can be identified by the manner in which they swim. Cottonmouths swim with nearly all their bodies over the water, while non-venomous water snakes swim nearly submerged.
Have an elliptical pupil opposed to an oval pupil like the non-venomous water snakes of america. They also have a much more triangular head compared to non-venomous water snakes that can assist with identification as well.
They are territorial and often investigate disturbances in their region. They are even reports of these swimming out to boats on the water.
Hemotoxic venom attacks blood, muscle and tissue cells.